Analog computers were the most powerful computers for thousands of years, relegated to obscurity by the digital revolution. This video is sponsored by Brilliant. The first 200 people to sign up via 🤍brilliant.org/veritasium get 20% off a yearly subscription. Thanks to Scott Wiedemann for the lego computer instructions – 🤍🤍youtube.com/watch?v=5X_Ft4YR_wU Antikythera Archive & Animations ©2005-2020 Images First Ltd. 🤍🤍youtube.com/watch?v=1ebB0tyrMa8 "The Antikythera Cosmos" (2021) follows the latest developments from the UCL Antikythera Research Team as they recreate a dazzling display of the ancient Greek Cosmos at the front of the Antikythera Mechanism. Tides video from NASA – 🤍climate.nasa.gov/climate_resources/246/video-global-ocean-tides/ Ship animation from this painting – 🤍ve42.co/Agamemnon Moore’s Law, the op-amp, and the Norden bombsight were filmed at the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, CA. ▀▀▀ References: Freeth, T., Bitsakis, Y., Moussas, X., Seiradakis, J. H., Tselikas, A., Mangou, H., ... & Edmunds, M. G. (2006). Decoding the ancient Greek astronomical calculator known as the Antikythera Mechanism. Nature, 444(7119), 587-591. – 🤍ve42.co/Freeth2006 Freeth, T., & Jones, A. (2012). The cosmos in the Antikythera mechanism. ISAW Papers. – 🤍ve42.co/Freeth2012 Cartwright, D. E. (2000). Tides: a scientific history. Cambridge University Press. – 🤍ve42.co/tides Thomson, W. (2017). Mathematical and physical papers. CUP Archive. – 🤍ve42.co/Kelvinv6 Parker, B. B. (2007). Tidal analysis and prediction. NOAA NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services. - 🤍ve42.co/Parker2007 Parker, B. (2011). The tide predictions for D-Day. Physics Today, 64(9), 35-40. – 🤍ve42.co/Parker2011 Small, J. (2013). The Analogue Alternative. Routledge. – 🤍ve42.co/Small2013 Zorpette, G. (1989). Parkinson's gun director. IEEE Spectrum, 26(4), 43. – 🤍ve42.co/Zorpette89 Tremblay, M. (2009). Deconstructing the myth of the Norden Bombsight (Doctoral dissertation). – 🤍ve42.co/Tremblay Gladwell, M. (2021). The Bomber Mafia. Little, Brown and Company. - 🤍ve42.co/Gladwell2021 Mindell, D. A. (2000). Automation’s finest hour: Radar and system integration in World War II. Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After. Edited by A. C. Hughes and T. P. Hughes, 27-56. – 🤍ve42.co/Mindell Haigh, T., Priestley, M., & Rope, C. (2016). ENIAC in Action. The MIT Press. - 🤍ve42.co/Eniac2016 Soni, J., & Goodman, R. (2017). A mind at play: how Claude Shannon invented the information age. Simon and Schuster. – 🤍ve42.co/Soni Haigh, T. & Ceruzzi, P. (2021). A New History of Modern Computing. The MIT Press. - 🤍ve42.co/ModernComputing Rid, T. (2016). Rise of the Machines: a Cybernetic History. Highbridge. - 🤍ve42.co/Rid2016 Ulmann, B. (2013). Analog computing. Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag. – 🤍ve42.co/Ulmann2013 ▀▀▀ Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Dmitry Kuzmichev, Matthew Gonzalez, Baranidharan S, Eric Sexton, john kiehl, Daniel Brockman, Anton Ragin, S S, Benedikt Heinen, Diffbot, Micah Mangione, MJP, Gnare, Dave Kircher, Edward Larsen, Burt Humburg, Blak Byers, Dumky, , Evgeny Skvortsov, Meekay, Bill Linder, Paul Peijzel, Mac Malkawi, Michael Schneider, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Stephen Wilcox, Marinus Kuivenhoven, Clayton Greenwell, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal Written by Derek Muller, Stephen Welch and Emily Zhang Filmed by Derek Muller, Emily Zhang and Raquel Nuno Animation by Fabio Albertelli, Jakub Misiek, Mike Radjabov, Ivy Tello, Trenton Oliver Edited by Derek Muller Additional video supplied by Getty Images Music from Epidemic Sound and Jonny Hyman Produced by Derek Muller, Petr Lebedev and Emily Zhang
IgF3OX8nT0w&t=11m44s 11:44 ope their hacking using aimbot
Are analog computer 'bit flip' proof ?
(The problem discussed in video "Why universe is hostile to computers")
Moore's law is reaching its limit because it was never a law and never should have been referred to as such.
hvala interesantno je
Watching these videos never fails to eat away at my braincells.
AI doesn't exist. Its science fiction.
OK. This is probably the most impressed ive been by the mechanical inventive mind of humans. Especially accomplished in such a short time. Just. Wow.
Anyone else still lost after watching and re-watching the "digital Lego computer" and it's 1+1 madness?? Haha, about as bad as trying to help my 12yr old with math
So cool. We are amazing as a species and the things that have been created, lost, and found by us is incredible. Truly beautiful minds.
Analog works in outer space
These men were true innovators. Amazing.
Love the video. Beauchamp Tower was from Essex, and would have pronounced his name BEE-chum in all likelihood. Usually the French, and those with associated descendance in the U.S. and Canada, would have pronounced it Bow-SHUM.
wait so how were these considered powerful?
as an instrumentation control technician it’s cool seeing my field of work and the fundamentals/history of instruments be talked about it gives you another level of understanding and interest
The first computer that I learned to program was an analog computer. Proof that I’m old.
what if instead of using analog or digital you use both to compensate for each other weaknesses for example you can an analog computer which then get rechecked for any errors by a digital computer
The study for Wikipedia site, the reason particle physics is looking back to einsteins cosmological science and the standard particle model, philosophy, shared through introspection towards the role of anthykethera , the brass, and the analog, the digital and the northern lights, 57/64 - for all man kinds wave of energy, through transcendence in philosophy on the road to code
A great video suggestion might be universal computation as formulated by David Deutsch in 1985. Otherwise known as the Church-Turing-Deutsch principle. The history leading up to it and the work it built on, is fascinating. Also, it's explanatory implications on computation, physics, and even AGI, are extremely far reaching.
These animations are amazing