Fritz Haber is the scientist who arguably most transformed the world. Part of this video is sponsored by Wren. Offset your carbon footprint on Wren: 🤍🤍wren.co/start/veritasium1. For the first 100 people who sign up, I will personally pay for the first month of your subscription! ▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀ A huge thanks to Dan Charles for writing a fantastic biography of Fritz Haber, for taking the time to talk to us about it, and providing valuable feedback. This video would not be what it is without his contributions. 🤍site.danielcharles.us 🤍ve42.co/Charles Thanks to Tom de Prinse from Explosions and Fire for helping us with the chemistry of explosives. If you like explosions and/or fire, you will love his channel. 🤍🤍youtube.com/c/ExplosionsFire2 Thanks to Michael Kuiper of CSIRO for the animation of the composition of air - 🤍🤍youtube.com/watch?v=j9JvX58aRfg Special thanks to Sonya Pemberton, Karl Kruszelnicki, Mary Dobbie, Olivia McRae, and the patreon supporters for giving us feedback on the earlier version of this video. ▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀ References: The primary reference used is Vaclav Smil’s excellent book, Enriching The Earth – Smil, V. (2004). Enriching the earth: Fritz Haber, Carl Bosch, and the transformation of world food production. MIT press. – 🤍ve42.co/Smil Mastermind: The Rise and Fall of Fritz Haber, the Nobel Laureate Who Launched the Age of Chemical Warfare, by Dan Charles – 🤍ve42.co/Charles Stoltzenberg, D. (2004). Fritz Haber: Chemist, Nobel Laureate, German, Jew. Chemical Heritage Foundation. – 🤍ve42.co/Stoltzenberg Postgate, J. R. (1982). The fundamentals of nitrogen fixation. CUP Archive. – 🤍ve42.co/postgate Miles, A. G. (1992). Biological nitrogen fixation. – 🤍ve42.co/Miles Friedrich, B., & Hoffmann, D. (2017). Clara Immerwahr: A life in the shadow of Fritz Haber. In One Hundred Years of Chemical Warfare: Research, Deployment, Consequences(pp. 45-67). Springer, Cham. – 🤍ve42.co/Friedrich2017 Da Silva, G. (2020). What is ammonium nitrate, the chemical that exploded in Beirut. Sci Am, 5. – 🤍ve42.co/Silva Rodrigues, P., & Micael, J. (2021). The importance of guano birds to the Inca Empire and the first conservation measures implemented by humans. – 🤍ve42.co/rodrigues Allison, F. E. (1957). Nitrogen and soil fertility. Soil, the, 85-94. – 🤍ve42.co/Allison Crookes, W. (1898). Address of the President before the British Association for the Advancement of Science, Bristol, 1898. Science, 8(200), 561-575. – 🤍ve42.co/Crookes ▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀ Special thanks to Patreon supporters: RayJ Johnson, Brian Busbee, Jerome Barakos M.D., Amadeo Bee, Julian Lee, Inconcision, TTST, Balkrishna Heroor, Chris LaClair, Avi Yashchin, John H. Austin, Jr., OnlineBookClub.org, Matthew Gonzalez, Eric Sexton, john kiehl, Diffbot, Gnare, Dave Kircher, Burt Humburg, Blake Byers, Dumky, Evgeny Skvortsov, Meekay, Bill Linder, Paul Peijzel, Josh Hibschman, Timothy O’Brien, Mac Malkawi, Michael Schneider, jim buckmaster, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Stephen Wilcox, Marinus Kuivenhoven, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal ▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀ Written by Petr Lebedev, Derek Muller, Felicity Nelson and Kovi Rose Edited by Trenton Oliver Animation by Jakub Mistek, Fabio Albertelli, Ivy Tello, Alex Drakoulis, Nils Ramses Kullack, and Charlie Davies SFX by Shaun Clifford Filmed by Petr Lebedev, Derek Muller and Raquel Nuno Photo of nitrogen deficiency in rice from 🤍ve42.co/rice Additional video/photos supplied by Getty Images Music from Epidemic Sound: 🤍ve42.co/music
The Manhattan project could have been das Mainhattan Projekt.
It is not true being a kid is hard i know it cuz im 12
I didnt understand the concept behind wren?
moral of the story is if you are on the losing side you are the vilain. Be on the winning side and you are crowned as visionaire who did what was needed for good to triumph over evil.
After watch this video, I realize that Scientism is the most dengerous idea ever. We must reject zero sum game paradigm. We need science but more than it, we need wisdom.
People don't buy this stuff CO2 atoms are heavier than air they can't even get up to the atmosphere don't believe me check it out for yourself.
EvknN89JoWo&t=19m35s 19:35 "as a hero" help me understand that statement, what kind of sacrifice he did in order to save lives? he was driven by nothing but profit and ego, A great scientist? yes but a hero? not even close
This series seems like a rip off of Dark matters: twisted but true from the science channel
Where I can find more videos like this?
Father of toxic gas and chemical warfare 🎼
Science has always been a tool, both for good and for evil. One person may take a hammer and build home. Another may take that same hammer, and tear it down. The same screwdriver used for a clock, might also be used for a bomb. It's never been the tools' fault, but the users.
That the same processes and tools created to save lives, might end up being used to end them.
The animation segments in this story are top notch!
Were the people who worked on the Manhattan Project heroes? they created the nuke which ended the war sooner, same reasoning as Haber. The only difference is that one side won and the other lost.
He sunk a glass flask sealed with a pressure fitted cork in order to increase pressure inside it ? What ?
Good narrative but it seems like he was pushing to weaponize his creation for something he believed to be right. To end the war quickly. But the best outcome for a war is for it not to happen.
A German man who killed millions to save billions. Did not see that coming.
EvknN89JoWo&t=20m34s 20:34 "So the real question is how do we keep increasing our knowledge and control of the natural world without destroying ourselves and everything else on this planet in the process?"
In my view, our quest is not how to increase but how to decrease our control over the natural world. That has been suitable for humankind for tens of thousands of years, now on the verge of becoming more and more hostile to humankind.
for watering plant rain water is much better than normal water . 🤔
if i told this to my friend they probably laugh and say it's water