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UCLA neurologist Alon Avidan, MD, discusses common sleep disorders, including insomnia, hypersomnia, sleep apnea, restless legs, circadian rhythm disorders, narcolepsy, and parasomnia. He also explores the consequences of poor sleep and ways to help you achieve a healthy night’s sleep. Watch more webinars at 🤍
You can't sleep and don't know what's going on? In this video, we talk about the most common sleep problems. If you think you're experiencing one of these sleep disorders it may be important for you to speak to a medical professional to get support. Read more on our blog: 🤍 (and don't forget to check out our other sleep resources for more tips on improving your sleep). Do you want to find out more about Mental Health? Follow us on social media! Links below: LinkedIn: 🤍 Facebook: 🤍 Instagram: 🤍 Pinterest: 🤍 Twitter: 🤍 🤍MyWorkplaceHealth.com 🤍DrJotiSamra.com
All this week #HTownRush looks at why you may not be getting a full night's rest
Research shows proper sleep is essential for good health. Dr. Virend Somers is a cardiologist who studies sleep because sleep disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnea, are associated with issues that affect the heart. Other symptoms of a sleep disorder include daytime sleepiness, irritability, obesity, erectile dysfunction, depression and certain heart-related conditions. More health and medical news on the Mayo Clinic News Network. 🤍 Journalists: Clean and nat sound versions of this pkg available for download at 🤍 Register (free) at 🤍
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Rachel Salas, M.D., Johns Hopkins neurology sleep specialist and assistant medical director practicing at the Johns Hopkins Center for Sleep at Howard County General Hospital explains how sleep specialists can diagnose and treat circadian rhythm disorder. Appointments: 1-800-WESLEEP 🤍
medskl.com is a global, free open access medical education (FOAMEd) project covering the fundamentals of clinical medicine with animations, lectures and concise summaries. medskl.com is working with over 170 award-winning medical school professors to provide content in 200+ clinical presentations for use in the classroom and for physician CME. Psychiatry – Sleep Disorders Whiteboard Animation Transcript with Elliott Lee, MD 🤍 Sleep problems can be divided into complaints that people have: 1. One of the most common complaints is excessive daytime sleepiness. There are generally 5 major causes for excessive daytime sleepiness… …the most common of which is an insufficient quantity of sleep. Many medical students suffer from this! Next is a poor quality of sleep. Environmental disturbances (such as light, partner, pet), or other intrinsic sleep disorders such as sleep apnea or periodic limb movement disorder could be involved. Thirdly, and less common, is a pathologic disorder of sleepiness during the day, including narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia. Fourthly, a medical or psychiatric disorder, such as a thyroid condition, cancer, medication side effect, or mood disorder can present with sleepiness. Finally, a circadian rhythm disorder such as shift work, or jet lag could also be a culprit. 2. On the other hand, sometimes patients complain of difficulties initiating or maintaining sleep, or “insomnia”. This symptom can be a primary disorder on its own, but is usually the result of, or exacerbated by one or a combination of four factors: An acute stressor. This is a common culprit in many cases of insomnia, but often is comorbid with other factors Circadian rhythm issue – including shift work or a circadian rhythm disorder A medical or neurologic condition – common culprits include medications or substances such as caffeine, alcohol, a thyroid problem, or other potential medical disorders, and A psychiatric condition, especially mood or anxiety disorders. 3. Lastly, another presentation could be an unusual behavior at night. This is referred to as a parasomnia, or disorder of arousal. These are often classified according to what stage of sleep they emerge from: NREM sleep parasomnias typically include sleepwalking, or night terrors, While the classic REM parasomnia is REM behavior disorder, where patients act out their dreams.
Buy "Memorable Psychiatry," "Memorable Psychopharmacology,” and "Memorable Neurology" on Amazon! 🤍 While everyone knows about sleep, most people aren’t familiar with the underlying biology! Learning about sleep physiology will enable us to better learn about and understand various disorders of sleep, including insomnia, sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, circadian rhythm disorders (such as jet lag), parasomnias (such as sleepwalking), nightmare disorder, sleep terrors, sleep paralysis, REM sleep behavior disorder, and narcolepsy. Learn more sleep and sleep disorders, including their core signs and symptoms, prognosis, and treatment, in this high-yield talk intended for all healthcare providers, including doctors, medical students, psychologists, nurses, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, social workers, and more! ATTRIBUTIONS Beauty Flow Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License 🤍 Date 24 September 2011 Source Own work Author Dr.emmy92 Licensing I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license: w:en:Creative Commons attribution share alike This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. 🤍 Sleep spindle K complexes PD 🤍 English: An EEG (electroencephalograph) 1 second sample. The signal is filterd to present only the alpha waves. The signal was acquired in the Oz position processed with scipy and saved with matplolib. Date December 2005 Source Own work Author Hugo Gamboa I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license: GNU head Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation License. w:en:Creative Commons attribution share alike This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. 🤍 English: An EEG (electroencephalograph) 1 second sample. The signal is filterd to present only the beta waves.The signal was acquired in the Oz position processed with scipy and saved with matplolib Date December 2005 Source Own work Author Hugo Gamboa I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license: GNU head Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation License. w:en:Creative Commons attribution share alike This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. 🤍 GREAT WAVES BUT COPYRIGHT? 🤍 English: An EEG (electroencephalograph), 1 second sample. Date December 2005 Source This is raw eeg. The signal was acquired in the Oz position processed with scipy and saved with matplolib. Author Hugo Gamboa Licensing Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. 🤍 English: An EEG (electroencephalograph) 1 second sample. The signal is filterd to present only the delta waves. The signal was acquired in the Oz position processed with scipy and saved with matplolib. Date December 2005 Source Own work Author Hugo Gamboa Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. 🤍 EEG Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) 🤍 English: Main patterns of normal mice EEG Date 6 October 2015 Source Own work Author Andrii CherninskyiCreative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license. English: This is a depiction of a Sleep Apnea patient using a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) machine while sleeping. Date 1 October 2019 Source 🤍 Author 🤍 Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
In this video, David Cohn, MD, Medical Director, the Sleep Center at Princeton Medical Center, discusses the symptoms of sleep disorders and how lack of sleep and disrupted sleep can impact your health. He focuses on the most common disorder, sleep apnea, and its long-term effects, including cardiovascular risk, diabetes, mental health issues, reduced cognitive performance, risk of obesity, and more.
To license this video for patient education, content marketing or broadcast, visit: 🤍 Reference: ANH13095 If you have obstructive sleep apnea, your breathing pauses for brief periods while you're asleep. Normally when you breathe in, air flows in through your mouth and nose and down your throat, also called the pharynx. Air then slows down your windpipe, or trachea, spreading through a tree-like structure of smaller tubes into your lungs. Each time you breathe in, negative suction pressure pulls the soft tissues in your mouth and pharynx inward. The muscles in your pharynx respond by pulling the soft tissues outward again, which keeps your airway open. When you sleep, it's normal for the muscles in your mouth, tongue, and pharynx to relax slightly, but not enough to block your airway. If you have obstructive sleep apnea, the muscles of your mouth and pharynx may relax too much. Your tongue drops onto the soft tissue in the roof of your mouth, pressing it against the back of your throat. This completely blocks the flow of air into your lungs. The lack of oxygen in your lungs wakes you up. You may gasp for air to reestablish air flow before falling asleep again. The cycle of apnea and waking up may happen many times at night, preventing restful sleep. Factors that may contribute to obstructive sleep apnea include obesity, because more fat may be present in the walls of the pharynx, a small or receding jaw with a narrowed airway, loss of muscle tone in your pharynx due to aging, and swollen tonsils. Common symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea are snoring, morning headaches, chronic daytime sleepiness, fatigue, irritability, and impaired concentration. Left untreated, obstructive sleep apnea may lead to complications, such as high blood pressure, heart disease, irregular heart beats, called arrhythmias, stroke, and diabetes. Your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes to treat obstructive sleep apnea, including losing weight, sleeping on your side, not smoking, and avoiding substances that can make you sleepy, such as alcohol and sedatives. For mild or moderate obstructive sleep apnea, an oral appliance may keep your airway open. This device works by pulling your jaw forward and moving both your tongue and the roof of your mouth away from the back of your throat. The most common and effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea is a continuous positive airway pressure or CPAP machine. This machine pumps air through a tube into a mask that fits over your nose or both your nose and mouth. The mild air pressure of the CPAP machine helps keep your airway open, enabling you to get a deep, restful sleep. #SleepApnea #Snoring #CPAP
What is insomnia? Insomnia's a type of sleep disorder where somebody has trouble falling asleep or wakes up throughout the night. Find more videos at 🤍 Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at 🤍 Subscribe to our Youtube channel at 🤍 Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: 🤍 Twitter: 🤍 Instagram: 🤍 Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: 🤍 Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Charlene Gamaldo, M.D. Johns Hopkins neurology sleep specialist and medical director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Sleep at Howard County General Hospital and Virginia Runko, Ph.D., Johns Hopkins behavioral sleep specialist, explain common sleep problems, like chronic insufficient sleep and insomnia, and basic things you can do to get better sleep. When it's time to see a sleep specialist for treatment of a sleep disorder is discussed. Appointments: 1-800-WESLEEP 🤍
Circadian rhythm sleep disorders can account for many sleep problems. There are many people who have an irregular body clock and they just don’t know it. Circadian rhythm sleep disorders occur when there is a mismatch between the sleep-wake cycle required by your environment and your own internal sleep wake cycle. There are 5 main types of circadian rhythm disorders. They are delayed phase sleep disorder, advanced phase sleep disorder, Non-24 hour sleep wake disorder, shift work and jet lag. Delayed phase sleep disorder occurs when you can’t seem to get sleepy until very late in the evening – typically between 1am and 6am. This is despite your best efforts to settle down and get to bed hours earlier. And because you feel asleep late, you are are naturally driven to sleep until late morning or early afternoon. Sleeping late becomes a problem when you have an inflexible morning schedule. Let’s say you have to wake up at 6am to go to work so you can’t afford to be awake at 2am. For those who have flexible schedules, they can simply sleep later and end up getting a full 7-9 hours of sleep. There is an adolescent version of this that is usually hormonally driven and seen in about 10% of teenagers. It’s tough when they are trying to get up to go to school, but they often grow out of it by early 20’s. People with advanced phase sleep disorder have the opposite problem. They have trouble keeping her eyes open early in the evening and want to go to sleep between 6 and 8pm. This tends to be less disruptive a problem for the person who has a 9-to-5 job. But here is where it can cause problems: you get home from work and fall asleep on the couch at 7pm and wake up at 11pm. You then can’t go back to sleep until 2 AM and sleep until 5am. Cumulatively you’ve gotten seven hours of sleep. But you still don’t feel rested because your sleep is choppy and your natural progression and flow of your sleep cycle was interrupted. Then we have the non-24-hour sleep wake disorder. For this person, their body clock is longer than 24 hrs, lets just say 25hr. So what happens is they naturally go to sleep later and later each night. Eventually they have complete day-night reversal. This sleep disorder is more commonly seen in people who are blind, but does occur is sighted people as well. It tends to be very debilitating as the person has no reliable or consistent sleep pattern. I will talk about solutions to these problems in a later videos. I will talk about shift work and jet lag in the lifestyle interference video, but just know that they are classified as circadian rhythm disorders. Visit my channel for more videos: 🤍 Subscribe to get notified about my latest videos: 🤍
Dr. Victoria Sharma, medical director of Sharp Grossmont Hospital’s Sleep Disorders Center, discusses how a sleep study can diagnose and help treat sleep disorders. She also provides tips to improve your rest and relaxation. If a sleep disorder is disrupting your life, talk to your doctor about your symptoms and their effect on your quality of life. Learn more about care for sleep disorders at Sharp HealthCare: 🤍 Learn more about Dr. Sharma: 🤍 Visit our website: 🤍 Find a doctor at Sharp: 🤍 Subscribe or see more videos from Sharp HealthCare: 🤍 Like Sharp HealthCare on Facebook: 🤍 Follow Sharp HealthCare on Instagram: 🤍 Follow Sharp HealthCare on Twitter: 🤍 Call us at 1-800-82-SHARP
Australian scientists gained new insight into what happens in the brains of people with a very common sleep disorder. Subscribe: 🤍 Read more here: 🤍 They believe brain function can be impaired in some people with Sleep Apnoea, putting them at risk of accidents. ABC News provides around the clock coverage of news events as they break in Australia and abroad, including the latest coronavirus pandemic updates. It's news when you want it, from Australia's most trusted news organisation. For more from ABC News, click here: 🤍 Watch more ABC News content ad-free on iview: 🤍 Go deeper on our ABC News In-depth channel: 🤍 Like ABC News on Facebook: 🤍 Follow ABC News on Instagram: 🤍 Follow ABC News on Twitter: 🤍 Note: In most cases, our captions are auto-generated. #ABCNews #ABCNewsAustralia
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder is a sleep problem that affects the timing of someone's sleep. Know how it affects our health through the discussion of Dr. Romulo Roberto Peter Estrella, ENT and Sleep Specialist. There is more to mornings than your usual daily-paper-and-coffee habit. GMK showcases heightened and unmatched public services, sensible exchanges of stories and opinions, and trustworthy news reports. GOOD MORNING KUYA Aired October 13, 2014 at UNTV 37 For more info, visit 🤍
In this video, Dr Sanil Rege, Consultant Psychiatrist, explains the evaluation of sleep difficulties using a practical algorithm. #sleep #sleepdisorder #insomnia #obstructivesleepapnea #restlesslegs #remsleep Insomnia is defined as an ongoing subjective dissatisfaction with the duration or quality of sleep. Sleep difficulties do not always equate to insomnia. In order for insomnia to be diagnosed - other causes should be ruled out. According to the DSM-V, the following are the key criteria for insomnia: Predominant complaint of dissatisfaction with sleep quantity or quality associated with difficulty initiating sleep, difficulty maintaining sleep and early morning awakening with an inability to return to sleep. The sleep difficulty occurs at least three nights per week, and the difficulty is present for at least three months. Sleep difficulties may be due to : 1. Stress 2. Travel 3. Poor sleep hygiene 4. Medications or use of substances 5. Psychiatric disorders - ADHD, PTSD, depression, agitation etc 5. Sleep disorders - Obstructive sleep apnoea, Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS), REM sleep behaviour disorder 5. Narcolepsy Thus it is important to evaluate the causes and the associated factors in order to devise an appropriate treatment plan. Treatment consists of treating the causes e.g. OSA - CPAP RLS - treating iron deficiency, MG supplement, Dopamine agonists PTSD nightmares - clonidine or prazosin Psychophysiological insomnia - Sleep hygiene, sleep restriction, stimulus control CBT-insomnia Medications Benzodiazepines Z drugs - Zopiclone, zolpidem Orexin antagonists - Lemborexant or suvorexant Treating psychiatric disorders 🤍
The waning light of autumn and the rewinding of clocks can throw just about anyone’s sleep out of whack, at least for a little while. But for people with rare sleeping disorders, the struggle never ceases. Patients with idiopathic hypersomnia (IH)—like Victoria Kirby York of Ft. Washington, Maryland—never feel rested, despite sleeping as many as 11 hours in one day. The disorder is a struggle for patient and doctor alike: Researchers are still trying to uncover IH’s most basic biological mechanisms.
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Visit us (🤍 for health and medicine content or (🤍 for MCAT related content. These videos do not provide medical advice and are for informational purposes only. The videos are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen in any Khan Academy video. Created by Arshya Vahabzadeh. Watch the next lesson: 🤍 Missed the previous lesson? 🤍 MCAT on Khan Academy: Go ahead and practice some passage-based questions! About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s MCAT channel: 🤍 Subscribe to Khan Academy: 🤍
Milt Gnagy read the warning signs. "I was falling asleep, pulling up to stop lights and I was partially dozing off." And knew something was wrong. "Wasn't feeling well, was tired all the time..." He kept nodding off during the day and waking up at night. "Gasping for air, my chest was pounding and everything." Specialists say sleep disorders fall into two categories: "One is when you're trying to sleep and you can't get a good quality sleep which is sleep-related breathing disorders. And then on the other end is poor choices, which is habit," says Dr. Javaad Khan Sleep Specialist with Lee Memorial Health System. It's thought millions of people are affected by sleep disorders, but as many as 95% may be undiagnosed. People might feel bad enough to go to their primary physician, but fail to mention their troubled sleep. In those cases, sleep is the issue, and lack of sleep can damage your health. "Neurologically you can have impaired concentration, it can cause stroke, heart disease, poorly controlled blood pressure it can cause different types of arrhythmias it can cause impaired glucose control," says Dr. Khan. One night in a sleep lab confirmed Milt had sleep apnea, which stopped his breathing. Lifestyle choices can make it worse. "If you're an active smoker, it goes up by a factor of three. Alcohol worsens sleep apnea. And then diet and weight," says Dr. Khan. Finding the source of his restlessness put Milt's mind and body at ease. View More Health Matters video segments at leememorial.org/healthmatters/ Lee Memorial Health System in Fort Myers, FL is the largest network of medical care facilities in Southwest Florida and is highly respected for its expertise, innovation and quality of care. For nearly a century, we've been providing our community with everything from primary care treatment to highly specialized care services and robotic assisted surgeries. Visit leememorial.org/caring
Professor Matthew Walker, expert neurologist, discusses the causes of sleep disorders such as narcolepsy, and what people can do to improve their quality of sleep. Worried about your sleeping patterns? Learn more: 🤍 ✔ Follow us on Instagram: 🤍 ✔ Follow us on Facebook: 🤍 ✔ Follow us on Twitter: 🤍
Check out our Patreon page: 🤍 View full lesson: 🤍 What keeps you up at night? Pondering deep questions? Excitement about a big trip? Stress about unfinished work? What if the very thing keeping you awake was stress about losing sleep? This seemingly unsolvable loop is at the heart of insomnia, the world’s most common sleep disorder. So what is insomnia? And is there any way to break the cycle? Dan Kwartler details the science of insomnia. Lesson by Dan Kwartler, animation by Sharon Colman. Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Mehmet Sencer KARADAYI, Christian Kurch, SungGyeong Bae, Luis Felipe Ruiz Langenscheidt, Joe Huang, Rohan Gupta, Senjo Limbu, Martin Lau, Robson Martinho, Jason Garcia, Cailin Ramsey, Aaron Henson, John Saveland, Nicolle Fieldsend-Roxborough, Venkat Venkatakrishnan, Sandy Nasser, CG Nobles, QIUJING L BU, Yoga Trapeze Wanderlust, Jaron Blackburn, Alejandro Cachoua, Thomas Mungavan, Elena Crescia, Edla Paniguel, Sarah Lundegaard, Anna-Pitschna Kunz, Tim Armstrong, Erika Blanquez, Ricki Daniel Marbun, zjweele13, Judith Benavides, Ross Henriques, Ken, Caitlin de Falco, Scheherazade Kelii, Errys, James Bruening, Michael Braun-Boghos, Ricardo Diaz, Kack-Kyun Kim, Artem Minyaylov, Alexandrina Danifeld, Danny Romard, Yujing Jiang, Stina Boberg, Mariana Ortega, Anthony Wiggins, Hoai Nam Tran, Joe Sims, and David Petrovič.
Sleep Specialist, Dr. Jimmy Chang discusses the symptoms and different types of sleep disorders. There is more to mornings than your usual daily-paper-and-coffee habit. GMK showcases heightened and unmatched public services, sensible exchanges of stories and opinions, and trustworthy news reports. GOOD MORNING KUYA Aired March 7, 2015 at UNTV 37 For more info, visit 🤍
If bedtime has become a nightly struggle between you and your child, the source of your frustration may actually be a behavioral sleep disorder. In this Children's Channel video podcast, Gregory Omlor, MD, director of Pulmonary Medicine and The Sleep Center at Akron Children's Hospital, discusses some of the more common behavioral sleep disorders, offering tips to help ensure a more peaceful evening for parents and children alike.
Dr. Timothy Grant, Neurologist at First Choice Neurology and Medical Director at Baptist Health Sleep Center will talk about multiple sleep disorders. Sleep disorders include restless legs syndrome, sleep apnea, insomnia, sleep deprivation, and more. #sleepdisorder #sleepspecialistmiami #drtimothygrant
We know that millions of Americans suffer from sleep apnea. But what is sleep apnea? This short video will help explain the condition. SUBSCRIBE & HIT THE 🔔 🤍 Mayo Clinic Health System offers outstanding care close to home. Part of Mayo Clinic, we meet most of your health care needs locally. #healthcare #sleepstudy #mchs Follow Mayo Clinic Health System on Facebook: 🤍 On Instagram at: 🤍 And also on Twitter: 🤍
Sleep is important. A sleep specialist describes sleep disorders that are prevalent in Parkinson’s disease such as REM sleep behavior disorder, restless legs syndrome, insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and daytime sleepiness. Also examines helpful medications and medications you should avoid. This video is part of a playlist of 6 videos of the sessions in the University of Michigan's Parkinson's Disease & You Symposium held on October 9, 2016 and sponsored by the U-M Udall Center of Excellence for Parkinson’s Disease Research.
Dr. Suresh Kotagal, a Mayo Clinic pediatric neurologist and sleep disorders specialist, describes symptoms to watch for in teens with sleep difficulties and Mayo Clinic's approach to evaluating teenage sleep disorders. For more information, see 🤍
Rise & Shine is a daily morning program that showcases a variety of topics such as practical home solutions; cooking tips; livelihood ideas; family and parenting advice; Do-It-Yourself projects and fitness tips. Rise & Shine is hosted by seasoned broadcaster/actress Louella de Cordova and print and commercial model Jenny Fajardo. Rise & Shine UNTV Channel 37 Monday to Friday 8:00 to 9:00 a.m. 🤍 Aired on August 26, 2014
Please note: We made this video before the COVID-19 pandemic. UI Health Care staff follow our most current guidance to wear the appropriate personal protective equipment when seeing patients. For more information about our safety efforts, please visit uihc.org. #SleepStudy, #Neurology, #UIHealthCare
. Chapters 0:00 Introduction 1:24 Causes of Breathing-Related Sleep Disorder 2:26 Symptoms of Breathing-Related Sleep Disorder 3:54 treatment for Breathing-Related Sleep Disorder Breathing-related sleep disorder refers to a spectrum of breathing anomalies ranging from chronic or habitual snoring to upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS) to frank obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or, in some cases, obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS). Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is one of the most common and serious sleep-related breathing disorders. In OSA, the airway repeatedly collapses during sleep, causing lapses in breathing that both fragment sleep and affect the body’s oxygen levels. Upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS) is a milder form of OSA in which sleep is disrupted but oxygen levels are not affected to the same degree. OSA may affect as many as 30% of adults and is more common in men than women2. The condition is likely underdiagnosed, and many experts anticipate that its prevalence will increase in the future along with growing rates of obesity, which is one of the major risk factors for OSA. Snoring, gasping or choking during sleep, and excessive daytime sleepiness are central symptoms of OSA. When left untreated, the condition can cause significant health problems including cardiovascular issues like high blood pressure and stroke. A range of treatment options are effective in addressing obstructive sleep apnea and reducing its symptoms. In central sleep apnea (CSA), the basic neurological controls for breathing rate malfunction and fail to give the signal to inhale, causing the individual to miss one or more cycles of breathing. If the pause in breathing is long enough, the percentage of oxygen in the circulation will drop to a lower than normal level (hypoxaemia) and the concentration of carbon dioxide will build to a higher than normal level (hypercapnia). In turn, these conditions of hypoxia and hypercapnia will trigger additional effects on the body. Brain cells need constant oxygen to live, and if the level of blood oxygen goes low enough for long enough, brain damage and even death will occur. A systemic disorder, sleep apnea is associated with a wide array of effects, including increased risk of car accidents, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction, stroke, atrial fibrillation, insulin resistance, higher incidence of cancer, and neurodegeneration. The exact effects of the condition will depend on how severe the apnea is and on the individual characteristics of the person having the apnea. Treatment may include lifestyle changes, mouthpieces, breathing devices, and surgery. Effective lifestyle changes may include avoiding alcohol, losing weight, stopping smoking, and sleeping on one's side. Breathing devices include the use of a CPAP machine. With proper use, CPAP improves outcomes. Evidence suggests that CPAP may improve sensitivity to insulin, blood pressure, and sleepiness. Long term compliance, however, is an issue with more than half of people not appropriately using the device. In 2017, only 15% of potential patients in developed countries used CPAP machines, while in developing countries well under 1% of potential patients used CPAP. Without treatment, sleep apnea may increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, diabetes, heart failure, irregular heartbeat, obesity, and motor vehicle collisions. Alzheimer's disease and severe obstructive sleep apnea are connected because there is an increase in the protein beta-amyloid as well as white-matter damage. These are the main indicators of Alzheimer's, which in this case comes from the lack of proper rest or poorer sleep efficiency resulting in neurodegeneration. Having sleep apnea in mid-life brings a higher likelihood of developing Alzheimer's in older age, and if one has Alzheimer's then one is also more likely to have sleep apnea. This is demonstrated by cases of sleep apnea even being misdiagnosed as dementia. With the use of treatment through CPAP, there is a reversible risk factor in terms of the amyloid proteins. This usually restores brain structure and diminishes cognitive impairment. OSA is a common sleep disorder. A large analysis in 2019 of the estimated prevalence of OSA found that OSA affects 936 million—1 billion people between the ages of 30-69 globally, or roughly every 1 in 10 people, and up to 30% of the elderly. Sleep apnea is somewhat more common in men than women, roughly a 2:1 ratio of men to women, and in general more people are likely to have it with older age and obesity.